Adult dolphins reach a length of 1.5 to 3 meters and can weigh from 200 to 400 kg. and more Dolphins that live in cold waters (e.g., near Scotland), usually larger than those that live in warm seas and oceans. Adult males usually larger than females.
Bottlenose dolphins are grey color: dark top and light (almost white) on the bottom. Bottlenose dolphins typically swim at a speed of 10 to 12 km per hour, but may run up to 30-50 km per hour. For breathing dolphins rise to the surface of the water. As they breathe, on average, every 5-8 minutes.
The shape of the nose, (it is also called a beak) like a bottle, hence the second name of animals bottlenose dolphins. They are conical in structure teeth that are used to catch and capture food, not chewable. They use 10-30 kilograms of food per day. Mostly in their diet includes fish, sometimes shrimp, crabs and squid. Bottlenose dolphins can live up to 30-40 years.
Pregnancy in bottlenose dolphins lasts about 12 months. Young dolphins are called calves, are born tail first size from 2.5 to 4 meters in length. Once the Dolphin is born, mother helps him to rise to the surface to take the first breath. The cubs are close with their mothers in the next 4-5 years. Bottlenose dolphins are very sociable animals.
Much research has been conducted in the area of so-called language of dolphins and their communication skills. Scientists have discovered a wide range of sounds with which bottlenose dolphins communicate within the pack. In the alphabet of bottlenose dolphins was obnarujeno 17 different sounds. 5 of them understand and other species of dolphins, belabacsi and pilot. The remaining 12 sounds absolutely unique. Trainers who work with dolphins, they say that by using different combinations of these 17 sounds of animals communicate with humans. In addition, the dolphins themselves and can memorize more than 20 words-commands and execute them.
Each Dolphin has its own unique combination of sounds (the name) that is used for identification. Newborn deffinate get that name from his mother.
Some more interesting facts about bottlenose dolphins:
Bottlenose dolphins have a well-developed vision, but they can’t distinguish colors.
Bottlenose Dolphin can hold their breath for 7 minutes.
Bottlenose dolphins can jump out of the water up to 6 meters.
Bottlenose dolphins have a thick layer of subcutaneous fat. This makes the streamlined body of the Dolphin, which greatly increases the buoyancy. Fat is also used for keeping warm.